Bihu is the Symbol of Assamese Culture. Bihu is a Sanskrit word comes from the Sanskrit word ‘Vishu’. The Bihus are closely related with the farmer’s life, which shows ancient rural Assamese life. In ancient time the Season was separated by phase depending upon the cultivation. Which shows three distinct phases in the cultivation of paddy-the native crop of Assam. Bohaag Bihu shows the advent of planting time, the Kati Bihu is celebrated when paddy in the fields are in the growing stage. while Magh Bihu or Bhogali Bihu Shows the culmination of harvesting period.
History of Magh Bihu or Bhogali Bihu:-
Magh Bihu or Bhogali Bihu has great historical significance. As we all know, the primary occupation in Assam is farming. Most of the peoples are living depending upon the agriculture. Thus, Assam celebrates this festival during the time of harvest as it shows the end of harvest season in Assam. There is a feeling of happiness and contentment in the air around this time. At that time farmers feel a great sigh of relief after the tremendous hard work. This is the time of Celebration and taste the fruit of their hard work . Now Farmers feel financially or economically upgraded as the seeds of their hard work soon, begin to ripe.
Way of Celebration:-
Magh Bihu or Bhogali Bihu is celebrated in miss of January, immediately after the harvest. After the harvest season is over, a community function is held together and make temporary house known as Bhela ghar or Meji Ghar which is erected in the harvest field itself with bamboos and paddy-stubble, Where they cock lot’s of Assamese recipe for evening. Young people enjoy the fastival by singing and dancing throughout the whole night.
Next day morning , people take holy bath early morning and burn the Meji Ghar and worship the God of fire. “Women of every household prepare traditional sweets (Pitha) and cakes (jolpan) which are shared with friends, neighbours and relatives. Thus, Magh Bihu or Bhogali Bihu is a festival of feasting. Hence, this Bihu is known as Bhogaali Bihu or the festival of Food (Bhogaali means “feasting” in Assamese)
Bihu festivals are an integral part of Assamese life and culture. Bihu geet or Bihu songs embody an important part of Assam’s rich history and literature. Unique way to celebrate the Bihu festival is that they are celebrated by everyone in Assam irrespective of caste, creed, or race. The festivals shows true community and promote a sprit of love, brotherhood and sense of oneness among the people.