Assam, is known as the bath palce of Heaven for its blue hills of Himalaya and Red Brahmaputra and Barak River. Again is also a land of many feasts and festivals, which are marked by music, dance, mirth, gaiety, community sharing, and spiritual colouring makes the beauty of twice. Among these, Bihu is the main festival of the people of Assam celebrated by everyone irrespective of caste, creed, and race. Assam is the land of Agricultural so depending upon the difference season of agriculture there are three main Fastival Celebrated here. Bohag bihu, Kati bihu and Magh bihu.
Among the three Bihus, Bohag Bihu or Rongaali Bihu is the most important Bihu . It is celebrated in the month of Bohaag, the first month of the Assamese calendar. Thus, the festival marks the advent of Assamese New year. Hence, it is characterized by lots of merriment, gaiety, songs and dance. The festival concur with the arrival of spring season in the state providing greater reason for gaiety and fun. At that time Nature is full of flowers and flowers the best form. Bihus are closely associated with life of farmer’s, reflecting the life of ancient rural Assamese life. It marks three distinct phases in the cultivation in farmer’s life with paddy the native crop of Assam. Therefore, this Bihu is known as Rongaali Bihu or the festival of merriment.
Bohag bihu or Rongaali Bihu is Celebrated for Seven days. When Spring is coming in the middle month of April. Environment gets a new life and Environment become Awesome. The fastival is started with bath Cows and bulls Known as Garu bihu, the last day of Previous year. Next day of the Bihu is the most important day. It is celebrated as Assamese New Year’s day. People welcome the day with songs and dance. People young and old put on new clothes. Friends, dear and near ones are invited for sharing cakes, pithas and sweets.
Bohag Bihu or Rongali Bihu festival celebrations for seven days or first week of the month Bohag and called as Xaat Bihu. The seven days are known as Chot Bihu, Goru Bihu, Manuh Bihu, Kutum Bihu, Senehi Bihu, Mela Bihu and Chera Bihu.
Gamosa (a traditional Assamese hand-woven cotton towel) is honourable Cloth in Assam. In this bihu Elders are presented with ‘Gamosa’ to show their to them. Young boys and girls attired in their traditional costumes, go from house to house singing Bihu songs called ‘Husori’ and pray for good wishes with the accompaniment of several musical instruments. Now-a-days the traditional celebrations of Bihu fastival are found only in rural areas while Bihu celebrations in cities and towns are characterised by community functions and entertainments.