Assamese Gamosa is the honourable indentity of Assam and People of Assam. It is a small piece of Clothing approximate size around 2 feet in width and 4 feet in height in rectangular shape. Gamosa (Ga+mosa) has their usual meaning in Assamese Language. Ga = body and Mosa = wipe. It is equivalent to a towal but It has esteem and wide usage in Assamese culture. We can say without Assamese Gamosa Assamese culture is incompleted.
Used of Gamosa is everywhere very ordinary household jobs to high esteem jobs. In ordinary tasks Gamusa can be used as a bath towel, a head wrapper, easy to use dhoti and so on. The list of special usages Assamese Gamosa is undescribeable.
Again it is the symbol of showing respect to elder ones . It’s gifted to the elder one in any special occassions such a Bihu as a token of respect.
In Assam Depending upon uses it’s names are different. Gamosa also known as “Bikhuwan” which is wildly used in chief fastival of Assam Bihu.
Gamusa has important rules in Bihu. Gamosa is gifted to the family members in Bihu to show their love and cares. Again it wear in bihu dance on the waist or on he head of male dancer. Again “Dhul” the main instrument used in Bihu dance is covered by Gamusa. Gamosa has religious used in Assam. The main regious place of Namghar’s “Manikut” is usually covered by Gamosa.
History of Gamosa is still Vague. There is no record when the gamosa is become part of Assamese culture. But according to the famus Assamese Historian Dr. Leela Gogoi Use of Gamosa from Ahom days. There is also some story of Gamosa from the days of Srimanta Sankardeva. “Sankardeva’s disciple Srimanta Madhavdeva got the news of sad demise of Sankardeva when his son Ramananda Thankur came running wearing a Gamosa in his head.” ‘A History Assam’ written by Edward Gaite also mentions about Gamosa. According to this book Cost of Gamosa in 1739 only 6 paise.